Category: Health

Lorem Ipsum

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec vel libero at lectus rutrum vestibulum vitae ut turpis. Ut ultricies pulvinar posuere. Nulla rutrum, libero nec pharetra accumsan, enim leo blandit dui, ac bibendum augue dui sed justo. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Duis sit amet fringilla mauris. Ut pharetra, leo id venenatis cursus, libero sapien venenatis nisi, vel commodo lacus urna non nulla. Duis rutrum vestibulum ligula sed hendrerit. Ut tristique cursus odio, et vulputate orci fringilla nec. Proin tempus ipsum ut augue consectetur, in varius dolor bibendum. Proin at dapibus nisl.

Aliquam purus lectus, sodales et est vitae, ullamcorper scelerisque urna. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nulla feugiat, nunc nec gravida varius, nisl tellus dictum purus, a tristique purus lectus eget orci. Vivamus faucibus diam erat, vitae venenatis neque convallis vitae. Etiam eget iaculis arcu. Duis id nisl sapien. Aliquam erat volutpat. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Quisque luctus lorem a odio congue auctor. Suspendisse potenti. Nunc convallis, ante sit amet lobortis eleifend, orci dolor lacinia diam, quis luctus ante magna non sem. Phasellus pretium aliquam enim, a suscipit elit sodales vel. Proin tincidunt quis ipsum in condimentum. Vivamus molestie sodales erat et feugiat. Maecenas venenatis, leo in adipiscing commodo, eros tellus dapibus dui, in dignissim risus ligula id elit.

Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. Nulla facilisi. Donec semper nisi non enim pulvinar venenatis. Vestibulum semper metus.

Orthopedic Surgery: A Brief History

download (16)Orthopedic surgery is the area of medicine concerned with the musculoskeletal system. While the name may seem to imply only surgical procedures, doctors work to correct orthopedic issues using both surgical and non-surgical means. Physicians who specialize in this area treat trauma, sports injuries, infections, degenerative diseases, congenital disorders, and tumors.

Beginning With Children

Nicholas Andry coined the name orthopedic surgery in 1741. The word comes from the Greek “orthros,” which means “straight” or “correct,” and “paidion,” which means “child.” The term was first seen in his book, “The Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children,” which was designed to help parents understand their child’s malformation. Initially, the field was geared towards identifying and correcting spinal and bone deformities in children. Andry advocated the use of manipulation, splinting, and exercise as treatments.

Andry wasn’t alone in his quest to help children. One of the first orthopedic surgery institutes was opened in 1780 by Jean-Andre Venel. Physicians working there dedicated their talents to assisting children with skeletal deformities. At this institute, Venel and his staff created ways to treat spine curvature and even developed the first club shoe for children suffering from foot malformations.

Into the 1800s, the practice remained limited to helping children. New techniques to correct spinal problems were continually developed. Surgical procedures such as the percutaneous tenotomy became popular as a means to correct problems with the foot and leg.

Growing to Encompass Adults

It wasn’t until the early 1900s that physicians began investigating the possibilities of orthopedic surgery for teens and adults. The man credited with bringing orthopedics into the modern age is Hugh Owen Thomas. Thomas expanded the field through his interest in treating fractures. He created the Thomas Splint to stabilize broken bones and advocated bed rest in order to heal wounds and prevent infection.

In addition to the splint, Thomas created the Thomas Maneuver to help those with hip joint fractures. In order to treat the fractures, he would perform a test to detect the deformity by having his patients lie flat on a bed. Then, he would use his “wrench” method to reduce the fracture and reset the bone.

During the First World War, Thomas’s techniques became mainstream when his nephew, Robert Jones, used the Thomas Splint to reduce the mortality rate for compound fractures of the femur from 87 percent to just 8 percent.

Post World War One

After World War One, German doctor Gerhard Kuntcher started using intramedullary rods to help fix fractures in the tibia and femur. However, it wasn’t until the late 1970s that intramedullary fixation became possible without having to open the fracture. Prior to this time, it was common to use traction in order to repair the damage.

Since the 1970s, the field of orthopedic surgery continues to grow. Today, common techniques include joint replacements, bone grafts for severe fractures, and foot, ankle, shoulder, hand, and elbow procedures. Sports injuries also now fall under this category of medicine.

 

The Differences Between Chiropractors And Osteopaths

download (14)When the philosophies are your point of comparison, the differences between these two health practices are subtle. It only becomes obvious if you take a deeper look into their scope of practice and educational requirements. Both actually subscribe to the whole body concept of treatment. Osteopaths believe that lack of blood flow will lead to disease while chiropractors believe that nerve interference can result to diseases.

Osteopathy

This was founded in 1860s by a medical doctor and surgeon who served various military bases. In 1864, his 3 children died because of spinal meningitis so he began studying the relationship between the musculoskeletal system and disease.

It is further emphasized that this form of medical care has been founded on the philosophy that all body systems depend on one another to achieve good health. When it comes to the scope of practice of osteopathic physicians, they can already prescribe medicine and perform surgery whenever necessary. They strongly believe in the philosophy of treating the whole person as one rather than treating just the symptoms. Today, the number of professionals performing manipulation has decreased as more and more of them are required to train in hospitals in different disciplines. The good side though of this is that they can specialize in various types of medical practice.

Chiropractic Care

This was founded in 1895. A chiropractor is dedicated to paying careful attention to the function, biomechanics, and structure of the spine. They also take into account the spine’s effects on the musculoskeletal and neurological systems. These professionals strongly believe that the body will heal itself when the function and structure are corrected.

As for their scope of practice, they limit to treating low back pain, headaches, joint problems, sciatica, and other related issues. Apart from that, they can also treat spinal disc conditions, osteoarthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and other ligament and tendon issues like strains and sprains. Be reminded that they don’t administer medications but recommend herbal remedies and vitamins. Moreover, they don’t perform invasive treatments. Rather, they employ physical therapy, spinal manipulation, and nutrition.

If you are deciding on which health provider is best for you, there are several things to consider. These include the nature and severity of your health condition, and your personal preference. Bear in mind that problems associated with the spine may be best treated by a chiropractor. On the other hand, illnesses like bacterial and viral infections and systemic diseases requiring medications and aggressive treatments are best treated by an osteopath.

 

Common Symptoms and Signs of IBS

download (15)People suffering from irritable bowel syndrome generally experience symptoms that cause discomfort. When these issues occur, people often seek the assistance of a doctor. A physician can assess a patient’s condition to make an IBS diagnosis. After diagnosis, the next step involves treatment to relieve distress.

Common Symptoms

A physician will assess a patient’s symptoms to determine whether IBS is possible. Anyone who experiences issues such as bloating, excess gas, and pain in the lower abdomen might be feeling signs of a possible problem. In addition, marked changes in bowel movement patterns and mucus present in stools could also indicate a problem. The doctor will ask questions to learn about the level and timing of symptoms. Generally, someone is more likely to be experiencing irritable bowel syndrome if these issues have been a problem for at least six months. Another common way to assess symptoms is the frequency of abdominal pain. If this type of discomfort occurs at least three days out of each month, lasting for a minimum of three months, a problem could be present. The doctor will ask additional questions about this discomfort to further focus the diagnosis. IBS could be the cause of the distress if having a bowel movement relieves the pain or if the discomfort is connected to a change in bowel movement frequency. Discomfort linked with a change in consistency or appearance of stools is another potential factor.

Bowel Patterns

IBS usually involves a change in bowel habits over a period of time. Some people experience an increase in frequency, as happens with diarrhea. Other people become constipated, and frequency spaces out and becomes longer. Stool size or consistency can also change, varying between extremes; some people feel an urgent need to use the bathroom, while others strain uncomfortably to pass stool.

Unrelated Symptoms

Someone suffering from IBS may experience other unrelated signs of a problem. Some people feel depressed or anxious. Others notice urinary issues, including problems emptying the bladder completely. Heart palpitations may occur, in which it feels like the heart is skipping a beat or fluttering. Headaches and backaches are common complaints among patients. Some people also have trouble sleeping, or they notice a lack of sexual desire with the onset of irritable bowel issues. Finally, an unpleasant or unusual taste in the mouth is reported by some patients. People might notice fluctuations of these issues, with an increase in severity after eating or during times of anxiety.

Anyone who suspects this illness should consult with a physician for an assessment and possible diagnosis. The sooner a diagnosis occurs, the sooner treatment can begin to help a patient feel better.

 

7 Myths and Facts About Concussion Recovery

download (13)Concussions can be mild, misunderstood, and even misdiagnosed altogether. With the commonality we see today in concussions among athletes, there’s a lot of buzz among players and non-athletes alike that may or may not be true about concussions and concussion recovery. Here are seven myths, and their factual counterparts, about concussion recovery.

1. MYTH: If you didn’t pass out you don’t have a concussion.

FACT: One of the telling signs of a concussion and the grade of severity was loss of consciousness. However today there are people who have experienced a range of symptoms and signs that are just as important in identifying a concussion as passing out. Healthcare experts suggest injuries where the individual loses consciousness are actually not any more severe than those that don’t. However, the less dramatic symptoms can lead to misdiagnosing someone who actually may have a concussion.

2. MYTH: If your cat scan is clear, you’re in the clear.

FACT: Concussion damage actually occurs on the cellular level, according to Mark Lovell, Ph.D. Thus, a CAT scan will not pick up the changes that occur within the cells. It will, however, pick up any swelling or bleeding, so it’s a good idea not to skip out on it.

3. MYTH: Concussions can cause headaches years after.

FACT: This may not be the case for people who have experienced multiple concussions, but doctors believe there is no scientific evidence that people who have had a concussion are more disposed to concussions than other people. So if you’re experiencing a lot of headaches and you’ve had a concussion in the past, it may be caused by something else you might want to consider.

4. MYTH: When your symptoms dwindle, you’re safe to play sports.

FACT: Symptoms and signs during concussion recovery may be subtle or non-existent, so it’s important to note from experts that exercise and playing sports may actually cause symptoms to reappear and therefore interrupt the recovery process. It is recommended to not return to any sports or super physical activity until getting the green light from a healthcare professional.

5. MYTH: You have fully recovered if your only symptom is a headache.

FACT: There are often no visible signs from a concussion, and it may be dangerous to rely on self-symptom checking before going out again on the field or in the gym. Full concussion recovery should always be determined by a healthcare professional, even if most or all symptoms have subsided.

6. MYTH: A grade-three concussion is more serious that a grade-one.

FACT: Doctors and healthcare professionals used to grade concussions when diagnosing, but are now unable to do so accurately because symptoms are difficult to determine a diagnosis initially. It may take a while for symptoms to subside before an accurate diagnosis and severity may be determined.

7. MYTH: Helmets are a good safety precaution to prevent concussions.

FACT: Helmets are designed for fractures in the skull, not concussions. It may help with the risk of severity of a concussion, but experts believe it doesn’t help to prevent them, yet!

 

Cinnamon and Your Health

download (12)“Cinnamon” has a close relationship with humankind from the very early stage. Ancient people used its aromatic, medicinal and preservative elements for various uses. Early and late Biblical records states that cinnamon has used for ointment preparation as well as fragrance. It was clearly mentioned in the Bible under articles related to “Mosses” as well as King Solomon’s songs.

Ceylon cinnamon is a major verity of cinnamon. This cinnamon is variety native to Sri Lanka, It was considered as a main trade spice in history. During the regiments of ancient Kings’, the best cinnamon was selected and traditionally trained workers only allowed involving in the peeling process. Even today the best cinnamon peeling secrets and techniques was inhabited from those generations and it is highly effecting for the quality of the Sri Lankan Cinnamon among other countries.

Mainly cinnamon has two verities depending on origin of the source. Both are from Lauraceae botanical family. The most recognized and valued verity is “Ceylon Cinnamon” – Cinnamomum verum / Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ). And the common and cousin verity is “Cinnamomum Cassia“. While Ceylon cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka, the cassia type is common in many countries do to the productivity of several countries.

  • Chinese Cassia – From China.
  • Indonesian Cassia – Especially Java & Sumatra regions of Indonesia.
  • Indian Cassia – North east part of India.

There are significant differences between these two varieties. Medicinal properties, aroma, taste as well as appearance are well recognizable if you know the characteristics of both varieties. If it is formed of sticks, Ceylon cinnamon is much more fragile and delicate while cassia is too hard and thick. Also cassia cinnamon is dark reddish in colour and Ceylon cinnamon is light in colour. The cassia type has a strong aroma and Ceylon cinnamon has a very sweet taste and pleasant aroma.

Comparing with cassia verity, Ceylon cinnamon has lots of medical elements which give a vast range of health benefits. According to recent research, it has lots of nutrients like Manganese, Calcium as well as Iron. Manganese is an essential nutrient for a healthy digestive system and bones and treatment for premenstrual complications.

Cinnamon has medicinal properties which can increase the insulin level; same time is good news for insulin resistance diabetic patients. In this case, Ceylon cinnamon plays a major part as cassia type is resulting more health complications in the human body from frequent use. Due to the low amount of Coumarin level, Ceylon cinnamon does not make negative effects on kidney or liver functions as cassia cinnamon. It is proved that, the type II diabetic patients can lower their blood sugar level from consumption of Ceylon cinnamon. Also, it is beneficiary for those who has a risk of future diabetics.

Ceylon cinnamon has food preservative elements. The anti-bacterial extracts of cinnamon are very useful for keeping food unspoiled after the preparation. Especially Asian cultures are wildly using cinnamon almost every food. It helps them to keep the food fresh without using refrigerators.

According to local Ayurveda categorization, Cinnamomum verum is considered as body heating spice. It is effect on your blood circulation and increase metabolism which is highly helpful in weight loss. Also researches states that the blood thinning aspects of Cinnamomum verum could give a positive effect in heart patients.

Cinnamon has medicinal properties which can fight against bacteria’s and yeast infections such as Candida. It is an ideal natural remedy for urinary tract infections as well as virginal Candida infections. Other than that it is active against oral infections and wounds. Cinnamon has natural compounds that help with rapid healing.

Instead of using medications with chemicals which caused lots of side effects, everybody can add some natural herb like Cinnamon into their foods and drinks which is healthier. But recognizing the “True Cinnamon” or the “Ceylon Cinnamon” is very essential in order to gain the exact health benefits from it.

 

Top 6 Emerging Trends in Medical Devices

download (11)1. Internet-of-things: According to MarketResearch.com, the healthcare IoT market is slated to be at $117 billion by 2020. As a disruptive technology, IoT facilitates real time capture of data through smart sensors and wearable devices, exchanges the captured information on Cloud and with BI/Analytical tools, analyzes the information streams much rapidly than conventional means. The massive use of embedded systems is ushering in a “connect everywhere – every time” culture along with parallel trends of home and industrial automation, and smart cities where GPS functionalities are weaved into every movement. The consequences are numerous: from remote monitoring to ATM-like machines which can dispense drugs after a check-up from providers thousands of miles away.

2. Increasing Use of BI and Analytics: Healthcare BI and analytics, a market projected to cross US$18.7 Billion by 2020, is undergoing a silent transformation as there is greater demand for tools and solutions which can plug the missing gap in visualizing real business challenges and solutions through existing healthcare data. According to a PwC survey, it was found that over 95% of CEOs in healthcare companies are looking for ways to harness data in a better way. Medical devices of tomorrow will be rendered incomplete if they cannot use historical data for predictive analysis and other data for solving existing challenges faced by providers. Tableau has risen to the fore as a very intuitive tool to visualize randomized data to see for patterns and anomalies.

3. Mobility: Increasing smartphone usage and dependence is fostering a condition where physicians and patients would require access to information on their mobile devices and tablets – the key focus is engagement. Many medical supply stores are focusing on delivering mobile healthcare solutions and apps which will continue to become more creative in future. In the long run, mobile devices in association with telemedicine, will facilitate complex operation procedures and medicine dispensing, allowing care providers to look after their patients from remote locations. The dispensation of 24-hour emergency care would become easier.

4. Increasing focus on security and surveillance: Considering the huge number of web-connected and Cloud-connected devices, secured access to data points would become a challenge in future. Medical devices should be equipped with affordable chips and sensors with ability to read biometric information, for instance, features which would allow greater security in access.

5. 3D printing: 3D printing technologies are increasingly becoming mainstream and even affordable. They have immense scope in medical devices industry as they can be used for everything from preclinical testing to new lab innovation (reducing verification time), improvised training and for sales demo.

6. Emergence of Multipurpose medical devices: Increasingly, medical devices will be expected to play multiple roles. For example, ambulance care units will have access to gadgets that combine defibrillators with suction kits, blood pressure cuff and pulse oximeters in one inflatable unit which can save time and space for administering emergency care.

From a consumer point of view, the increasing availability of latest trends as discussed above would translate into less frequent visits to the doctor, transferring the responsibility of effective healthcare directly to patients (although this, by no means, would mean patients should not access their providers directly).

 

How Good Are Health Articles?

download (10)Most people tend to appreciate that the internet carries a wide range of health article and related material, and most people would probably accept that some of this material is of a highly dubious quality.

The paradox of the internet is that anyone can access virtually any type of information about anything, and at the same time that anyone can produce any piece of information about anything.

Given the nature of health and people’s concerns and desire for information, trying to assess how reliable and good the health article is can be in fact very difficult. Anyone can write anything about any health-related issue, and publish it on-line with virtually no criticism or sanction or need to prove or verify any type of source.

Although in theory people can differentiate between different types of written material, it is also true that anything in print carries with it a degree of authority simply by virtue of it being print. This has always been acknowledged about books, newspapers and magazines, and is also true to a large extent about health articles on-line.

Health articles that are written in newspapers and magazines often appear to have a greater degree of authority by virtue of the quality of the newspaper or magazine they appear in. It is not necessarily the case, as a lot of newspapers or magazines will sensationalize a whole range of health related issues in order to gain readership and/or advertising revenue.

Trying to find out good quality health information about any specific issue can be a difficult process. It is often complicated by the fact that the individual looking for such information may have time restraints or other conditions that affect the nature of their search. It is quite likely that an individual will suddenly become aware of a health-related issue, and start looking for related articles or topics on-line to try and verify or validate their own knowledge.

There are a couple of guidelines about how to find an rely on good quality health articles on-line. It is possible to access a number of medical journals, or at least extracts from a number of medical journals that should carry quite a high degree of authority as they will be peer-reviewed. Some of them will be highly technical, but they will at least point to where good research has been done, and work as an indicator of where to go next.

If anyone is looking for information on a particular topic regarding health, one of the best places to go to is a discussion forum related to people who have experienced or are experiencing such a condition. If you want information about any particular condition, a good place to start is to talk to an individual who has such a condition. Obviously their views are going to be subjective, but someone who has a lived sense of an illness will be able to give individual many pointers. A discussion forum which retains a high degree of anonymity will help do that.

The other place to go for health-related articles on health are websites of associations or organisations of people who have a specific condition or illness. They take the value of a discussion forum one stage further, by combining the collective experience and insights of a number of people who have any type of condition or illness, along with the most recent research and good practice that exists that relates to that condition or illness.

There is an important caveat that any health article read on-line, or in any newspaper or magazine written by anyone should be assessed with a degree of caution. Certainly before acting on any advice contained within such an article independent verification of its merits should be sought.

Health articles themselves should be treated with the same scepticism as a lot of the advice that is often contained within them.

Peter Main is freelance writer who writes extensively about health, healthcare and health insurance with a particular focus on current issues and debates, such as the state of healthcare reform and how it impacts on peoples lives.

 

Healthcare and Prior Authorization

download (9)The term prior authorisation has a specific meaning within the concept of health care and health insurance, and has a fundamental effect on virtually all of the procedures and clinical assessments that an individual is likely to come up against in the context of their health insurance policy.

Health insurance differs from other types of insurance policies in a number of ways, but in the context of the term prior authorisation there is a fundamental difference that has to be appreciated. In most other types of insurance, an event or catastrophe occurs, and as long as such event is covered under the terms of the insurance policy, then the insurance company is liable to pay subject to terms and conditions etc. There is an implicit contract between the individual and insurance company, where the individual pays the company some money, and the company pays the individual money if and when an event that is insured against happens.

Health insurance is different. An individual pays the insurance company a premium, and if the individual requires any type of assessment, test or clinical procedure, they essentially have to have the approval of the insurance company before such tests or procedures are carried out.

The scenario can differ widely, depending upon the type of health insurance plan or policy that the individual has, but essentially it runs like this.

The individual will approach their primary care physicians, and together they will talk through whatever the issue or concern may be about the individual’s health. The primary care physician and individual may well have a number of ideas about how to proceed and what is involved.

However, before any actual test or procedure can be carried out the approval of the insurance company has to be sought. It is the insurance company that will determine whether or not they believe any test or procedure to be medically necessary, and if they do they will give prior authorisation to such test or procedure been carried out. If they do not believe it to be medically necessary then they are likely to decline the test or procedure, meaning that the individual will either have to pay for it themselves or cannot carry through their desired course of treatment.

As said earlier that are a wide range of scenarios where this applies, and there are often dramatic and highly intense debates, arguments, lawsuits etc about whether or not the insurance company is justified in agreeing or withholding a particular course of treatment. There is no easy answer to this, as insurers reserve the right to effectively decide or decline a particular course of treatment. From their point of view this is crucial in containing costs, and keeping some type of control over their claims expenditure. From an individual’s point of view it can be incredibly disheartening where a course of treatment is agreed between a physician and an individual, only for the insurance company to deny it on the grounds of it not being medically necessary. What becomes increasingly important in the context of prior authorisation is for the individual to be fully aware of what their rights are in terms of complaints procedures. The insurance company themselves should have very clear and specific guidelines as to how to appeal any decision, including specified limits as to how long such the process should take. In addition there may well be local or national legislation that gives the individual specific consumer rights that allows them to challenge decisions that may well affect their life, or quality of life.

Peter Main is freelance writer who writes extensively about health, healthcare and health insurance with a particular focus on current issues and debates, such as the state of healthcare reform and how it impacts on peoples lives.

 

7 Tips For A Speedy Knee Replacement Recovery

download (8)A total knee replacement is a serious type of orthopedic surgery. Such a major procedure can mean a long and stressful recovery period. However, while a recovery period after an orthopedics procedure like a total knee replacement is inevitable, there are things you can do during the rehabilitation process to make it progress more quickly and easily.

1. Take Rehab Seriously

The rehabilitation process is one of the most effective ways to speed up healing. Listen to your doctor’s instructions and follow them carefully in order to ensure a successful recovery.

2. Avoid Stress on Knee

After you undergo a total knee replacement, it might be tempting to try to return to your normal daily activities as soon as possible after surgery. However, staying away from heavy lifting, avoiding twisting your knee, and incorporating as much rest as possible into your daily schedule can actually help quicken the healing process.

3. Incorporate Supplements and Vitamins into your Diet

At your follow-up orthopedic appointment, question your doctor about what vitamins and supplements he or she believes would be helpful for you to add to your daily diet. Vitamins and supplements such as iron and Vitamin D, for example, can strengthen your knee following your replacement surgery.

4. Alternate Ice and Heat for Inflammation

It is important to consistently apply ice and heat to your knee following your knee replacement surgery. In the initial days after your surgery, apply ice to your knee frequently in order to reduce natural inflammation. After the first few days following your surgery have passed, begin alternating applications of heat and ice to increase the flexibility of your knee and relax the muscles in it.

5. Avoid Alcohol and Smoking

Try not to drink alcohol or smoke for a period after your total knee replacement. Alcohol can mix negatively with any pain medication you may be taking and minimize the medication’s effects, and smoking can block your blood flow and thereby lengthen your healing process.

6. Walk and Exercise with Caution

Minor daily walking and exercising can actually help speed up your rehabilitation process by increasing flexibility and strength in your knee. However, avoid rigorous physical exercise, which can cause lasting damage and harm to your knee.

7. Stay Positive and Committed

The rehabilitation process after a total knee replacement surgery can be long and discouraging. However, it’s important to remain optimistic in order to ensure fast healing and a successful recovery. Follow these tips and stay consistently committed to your rehab in order to return to your normal life as soon as possible.